Francisco Flores

Senior Scientist


Davis, CA
francisco.flores@sei-us.org
skype: fco-flores
+1 (530) 753-3035, x5#

Francisco Flores is a Senior Scientist and a water resources engineer in the Water Group, based in Davis, Calif. His work combines hydrology, agricultural engineering, and water resources engineering for the development of new methods and tools to better understand and manage our water resources in a changing world, in the United States and internationally. He has more than 10 years of professional experience in project management as well as in executing projects.

He applies his technical, analytical and quantitative skills to modeling projects using SEI's WEAP (Water Evaluation and Planning) system to address critical challenges related to water, energy, food security, and the environment for sustainable development. He conducts integrated analysis that supports decision-makers at various levels within organizations.

His primary field of expertise is in the implementation of the plant growth modeling (PGM) tool of SEI's WEAP platform. Through the development of PGM, he focuses on the potential effects of climate change on the landscape – specifically, the impact of altered weather variables and increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations on biomass production, crop yields and irrigation/water demands in cultivated and non-cultivated landscapes.

Francisco has worked extensively on water resources systems in California, Latin America, Africa, and in the Middle East, and is interested in developing additional collaborations in the United States, Latin America and the Caribbean. He has worked for the Mexico Country Program of the International Water Management Institute on various projects of applied water resources engineering.

He has a Ph.D. in soil and water engineering from Cornell University, an M.S. in water resources engineering from the Colegio de Postgraduados, in Mexico, and a B.S. in agricultural engineering, with specialization in irrigation, from the Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, in Mexico. His doctoral research included analysis of groundwater and stream flow pollutant transport using hydrological models. He is fully bilingual (English / Spanish).


Recent Publications by Francisco Flores

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Water-energy nexus challenges & opportunities in the Arabian Peninsula under climate change

Poster presented at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, San Francisco, 12-16 December 2016

Author(s): Flores, F. ; Yates, D. ; Galaitsi, S. ; Binnington, T. ; Dougherty, B. ; Vinnaccia, M.; Glavan, J.C.
Year: 2016

Research Area(s): Water Resources

Description:

This conference poster presents the results of a study of the water-energy nexus in countries in the Arabian Peninsula, using a coupled WEAP-LEAP model. Demand for water in the Gulf Cooperation Council countries relies mainly on fossil groundwater resources and desalination. Satisfying water demand requires a great deal of energy, as it requires treating and moving water along the supply chain from sources, through treatment processes, and ultimately to the consumer. As part of the Abu Dhabi Global Environmental Data Initiative (AGEDI) Local, National, and Regional Climate Change Programme, a study of the water-energy nexus of the countries in the Arabian Peninsula was implemented. For water, WEAP models both water demand – and its main drivers – and water supply, simulating policies, priorities and preferences. For energy, LEAP models both energy supply and demand, and is able to capture the impacts of low-carbon development strategies. A coupled WEAP-LEAP model was then used to evaluate the future performance of the energy-water system under climate change and policy scenarios. The models examined five policy scenarios of different futures of resource management to the year 2060.


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Modeling of Andean páramo ecosystems' hydrological response to environmental change

Water, 8(3), 94

Author(s): Flores, F. ; Galaitsi, S. ; Escobar, M. ; Purkey, D.
Year: 2016

Research Area(s): Water Resources

Description: This paper describes the modelling of the Quiroz-Chipillico watershed in the Piura region of Peru to simulate the impacts of possible changes within the hydrological system and thus inform decision-making about development for the region. In the Peruvian Andes, water infiltration from tropical wetlands, called páramo, generates headwaters for downstream rivers. The hydrological processes of these wetlands are not well understood within the larger hydrological system, impeding efforts to mitigate the rapid environmental changes anticipated due to regional population growth and climate change. This study constructed and calibrated a Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP) system model for ecosystems with sparse data in the Quiroz-Chipillico watershed in the Piura region of Peru. The model simulates the impacts of possible changes within the hydrological system to assist decision-makers in strategizing about sustainable development for the region, especially the páramo.
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Technical Report: Al Ain Water Resources & Climate Change

Technical Report

Author(s): Flores, F. ; Yates, D. ; Galaitsi, S.
Year: 2016

Research Area(s): Water Resources

Description:

Water use in the Al Ain region of the UAE has exploded in the modern era, with the development of thousands of groundwater wells. The overall goal of the sub-project was to better understand Al Ain's water and agricultural management challenges in the face of climate change and socioeconomic development.

The SEI's Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) system was used for this analysis. The results of analysis confirm that climate change will impact the region's water resources, although in a salutary way.


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Water Resources: Regional Water-Energy Nexus and Climate Change

Technical Report

Author(s): Flores, F. ; Galaitsi, S. ; Yates, D.
Year: 2016

Research Area(s): Water Resources

Description:

This paper explores the vulnerability of the Arabian Peninsula’s water resources to climate change, with the overall goal of better understanding the water-energy nexus challenge in the region. Using WEAP and LEAP, it confirmed that green growth objectives will increase the resilience of the water-energy nexus in the region under climate change. Moreover, this can be achieved cost-effectively.


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Water Resources: National Water-Energy Nexus and Climate Change

Technical Report

Author(s): Flores, F. ; Galaitsi, S. ; Yates, D.
Year: 2016

Research Area(s): Water Resources

Description:

This paper looks at the water-energy nexus challenge in the United Arab Emirates in the face of climate change and socioeconomic development. Both water resource management and energy management are recognized as serious challenges to long-term sustainable development. Using WEAP and LEAP, the study confirmed that green growth objectives will increase the resilience of the water-energy nexus in the UAE under climate change.


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