The Greenhouse Development Rights (GDRs) Framework, developed by SEI and Ecoequity, presents a burden-sharing framework based on a straightforward accounting of national responsibility and capacity that requires those who consume and emit more than a specified "development threshold" to carry the global cost of an emergency climate program.
Under the framework, one third of the burden of dealing with climate change would fall to the United States and one quarter to the European Union. China would bear less than one fifteenth and India less than one three-hundredth.
The road ahead is not straightforward. The authors state that as long as there is no serious burden-sharing proposal on the table, one that ensures an emergency program can be implemented without stifling development in the South, developing countries will conclude that they have more to lose than to gain from serious engagement.
"In this context, we offer Greenhouse Development Rights as a framework for a regime that could break the impasse," co-author Sivan Kartha says.
The world's wealthy minority has left precious little atmospheric space for the poor majority. Indeed, even if emissions from industrialized countries were suddenly and magically halted, the dramatic emissions reductions demanded by the climate crisis would still require developing countries to urgently decarbonize their economies, and to do so while combating endemic poverty. This is not only the core of the physical challenge, but also the crux of the international political impasse that now stymies the negotiations.
The GDRs framework has been used to calculate the burden-sharing approach for different developed countries. For a list of country-specific studies, click here.External Link